Botanical Name :: Moringa oleifera

Indian Name :: Sanjana

Drumstick Vegetable

Drumstick tree called the "Power house of minerals" is the most common tree in India. Its leaves,fruits, flowers, barks and seeds have medicinal values and are used in various manners in all dishes. Invaluable in preventing cardiac diseases; researchers have stated that the nutritional value of the leaves is equivalent to 7 times the Vitamin C in oranges plus 4 times the calcium in milk plus 3 times potassium in bananas plus 2 times the protein in milk plus 4 times the vitamin A in Carrot.


It is an exceptionally nutritious vegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. It is antibacterial and a wonderful cleanser.It is considered one of the world’s most useful trees, as almost every part of the Moringa tree can be used for food or has some other beneficial property. In the tropics, it is used as forage for livestock, and in many countries, Moringa micronutrient liquid, a natural anthelmintic (kills parasites) and adjuvant (to aid or enhance another drug) is used as a metabolic conditioner to aid against endemic diseases in developing countries.

A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable landcare.[2]

The leaves are highly nutritious, being a significant source of beta-carotene, Vitamin C, protein, iron, and potassium.[5] The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. In addition to being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, its leaves are commonly dried and crushed into a powder, and used in soups and sauces. Murungakai, as it is locally known in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, is used in Siddha medicine. The tree is a good source for calcium and phosphorus


Moringa leaves and pods are helpful in increasing breast milk in the breastfeeding months. One tablespoon of leaf powder provide 14% of the protein, 40% of the calcium, 23% of the iron and most of the vitamin A needs of a child aged one to three. Six tablespoons of leaf powder will provide nearly all of the woman's daily iron and calcium needs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.


It is commonly said that Moringa leaves contain more Vitamin A than carrots, more calcium than milk, more iron than spinach, more Vitamin C than oranges, and more potassium than bananas,” and that the protein quality of Moringa leaves rivals that of milk and eggs.[citation needed] However, the leaves and stem of M. oleifera are known to have large amounts of their calcium bound in calcium oxalate crystals,[8] which is not a form of calcium available to the body. Whether the claim of "more calcium than milk" includes this non-bioavailable calcium needs to be addressed.


Food Value of Drumstick

Nutritionaly, drumstick pods and leaves are of great value as sources of acrotene, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin C. The leaves, flowers and fruits of drumstick which are used as vegetable have great nutritional value. The tender fruit is used in samber and most dishes in South Indian homes. The leaves and flowers are used to prepare curry and cake.

Drumstick (Pods)*

Food Value

Minerals and Vitamins

Moisture - 86.9%

Calcium - 30 mg

Protein - 2.5%

Phosphorus - 110 mg

Fat - 0.1%

Iron - 5.3 mg

Vitamin C - 120 mg

Fibre - 4.8%

Small amount of Vitamin B Complex

Minerals - 2.0%

* Values per 100 gm's edible portion

Carbohydrates - 3.7%

Calorific Value - 26

Drumstick (Leaves)*

Food Value

Minerals and Vitamins

Moisture - 75.9%

Calcium - 440 mg

Protein - 6.7%

Phosphorus - 70 mg

Fat - 1.7%

Iron - 7 mg

Vitamin C - 220 mg

Fibre - 0.9%

Small amount of Vitamin B Complex

Minerals - 2.3%

* Values per 100 gm's edible portion

Carbohydrates - 12.57%

Calorific Value - 92




Natural Benefits and Curative Properties of Drumstick

Almost all parts of the drumstick tree have therapeutic value. The leaves are especially beneficial in the treatment of many ailments due to their various medicinal properties and their rich iron content. They are used as food also.








2 National Research Council (2006-10-27). "Moringa". Lost Crops of Africa: Volume II: Vegetables. Lost Crops of Africa. 2. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-10333-6. http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=11763&page=247. Retrieved 2008-07-15



10-15 pieces of drumsticks
1/3 cup chopped onion
1 tea spn butter
2 cloves
1 bay leaf
1/2 tea spn pepper

Cook drumstick in enough water. Press it down with a spoon to remove all the juicy flesh or if you have more time, scoop out the fleshy part.


Discard the outer skin.
Blend it along with water used to cook them to get a smooth paste.
Heat butter and fry onions. Blend them to smooth paste.
Mix this with drumstick paste, add powdered cloves, bay leaf, pepper powder, salt and cook till soup thickens a bit. Serve hot with a dollop of butter on top.